Shri Nitin Gadkari Hon'ble Minister at Ministry of Road Transport & Highways, India Mrs Rashmi Urdhwareshe President at SAEINDIA
She is President of SAEINDIA and serves in Advisory and Mentorship roles for Corporates, Educational/ Research programs and Government Agencies.
Prior to this, she served as Director ARAI (Automotive Research Association of India, the prestigious autonomous R&D and Homologation Institute). She holds master’s degree in Electronics & Telecommunication. She is Certified Quality Auditor and Certified Six Sigma Black Belt from ASQ and holds Diploma in Corporate Directorship. Her 37+ years of expertise covers vehicular safety, Air quality and exhaust measurements, Standards/ Regulations, R&D and technology, Green mobility, Alternate fuels, Quality Systems and Business Excellence, etc. Mrs. Urdhwareshe has served as the Chair / Vice Chair of various national/ international bodies and provided strong leadership to Indian automotive R&D fraternity. Mrs. Urdhwareshe is Co-author of Book on Total Quality Management. She is a recipient of several national awards for Engineering Excellence, Woman Excellence, Business Leadership, Green Mobility and many more. For her lifetime contributions towards development of Automotive Technology, she is recently honored with Nari Shakti Puraskar 2019, at the hands of Hon’ble President of India. Dr Martin Lamke Director, Fuel Cell Project House eMobility, Commercial Vehicle Technology of ZF Group Dr Arunkumar Sampath Chair - Meetings & Exposition Board at SAEINDIA
Dr. Arunkumar M. Sampath obtained his M.B.A. with distinction from Lawrence Tech University, Southfield, Michigan, USA in 2008, Ph.D. from the University of Maryland, College Park, USA in 1997, M.S. from Villanova University, Pennsylvania, USA in 1993, and B.Tech from Indian Institute of Technology (IIT) Madras in the year 1991.
Current Employment: He is currently employed in Mahindra Electric as Chief Engineer & Head Innovation & Global EV Tech Center. Previous Employment: 1. Director, UI/UX Development, Supplier Interface & Operations at Automobili Pininfarina GmbH, Munich Germany – a 100% EV Startup from Mahindra 2. Project Leader – Next Gen XUV, XUV Mild Hybrid, and Ssangyong Tivoli (India variant) 3. Head – Business Development & Sourcing at Automotive Infotronics Limited (AIL), a 50:50 JV between Ashok Leyland and Continental AG 4. Project Lead for the NVH Development in Hybrid Vehicles at Daimler Chrysler Hybrid Development Center in Troy, Michigan, USA - a JV between Daimler, Chrysler, GM, and BMW. Dr. Arun has 23+ years of experience in the gamut of automotive and aerospace/defense fields including NVH, Automotive Electronics, Vehicle Engineering, HEV/EV, Autonomous and Connected Technologies, Project Management and Processes. 2016-20 – SAE International Technical Standards Board Member & Board of Directors Nominee 2018-2020 – SAEINDIA Chair Branding & Communications Board 2016-18 – SAEINDIA Vice President, Chair Automotive Board & Vice-Chair Finance Board 2014-16 – SAEINDIA Treasurer & Vice-Chair Meetings & Expositions Board 2011-13 – SAEINDIA Southern Section Chairman 2016- 18 – Steering Committee Coordinator for biennial FISITA World Congress to be held in Chennai 2017 – SAEINDIA Representative at FISITA-SAEINDIA Asia Pacific (APAC19) Conference, Shanghai, China 2017 – Chair, 1st SAEINDIA Two Wheelers Conference, Bengaluru 2016 -– 18 - Chair, Automotive Round Table Conference 2016 -- 18 – Chair, Automotive CXO Blue Ribbon Conclave 2013 – Chair, SIMCOMVEC 2013 -– 8th SAEINDIA International Mobility Conference and 1st Commercial Vehicle Engineering Congress, Chennai, 2012 – Chair, 1st SAEINDIA National Conference on Aerospace and Defense, MIT Chrompet 2011 – Vice Chair, APAC16 Organizing Committee, Chennai 2010 – Chair, 6th SAEINDIA National Conference on Automotive Infotronics, Chennai He has organized and offered numerous Lectures at prestigious Automotive & Aerospace events in India including CEO Conclave held biannually in NCR, Chennai and Pune, CII events, NASSCOM events, PMI events, Professional Development Programs including “Train the Trainer” program under AICTE, and Annual Conventions in educational institutions including IIT Madras, IIT Jodhpur, Hindustan University, SSN College of Engineering, Rajalakshmi College of Engineering, and Amrita University, to name a few. Dr SSV Ramakumar Director (R&D) & Board Member of Indian Oil Corporation Limited Dr SSV Ramakumar Director (R&D) & Board Member of Indian Oil Corporation Limited https://iocl.com/
A career R&D professional for the past 28 years in India's premier Petroleum R&D organization. Have an overall exposure of all facets of downstream petroleum industry like refining technology, lubricant technology, fuels , catalysts, nanotechnology for petroleum sector, strategic planning, IP management , public outreach of R&D, alternate sources of energy etc.
Published 95 research paers in peer reveiwed leading journals of the domain like wear, Tribology transactions, RSC Advances, J.of Nanoscience and Technology, Lubrication Science etc. Holds 4 patents (granted ) and 20 patents filed. Editor of in-house R&D journal Co-supervised one doctoral programme in nanotech in IIT,Delhi Recipient of national recognitions from NPMP, Petrofed, AIMA , Bangalore India Nano and NRDC innovationawards Best paper awards in NLGI, ISFL, DAE conferences. Dr Pradheepram Ottikkutti Executive Director - India Engineering of Cummins Inc.
Ram took on the role of Chief Technical Officer (CTO) for Cummins in India, in 2019. As CTO, Ram leads a team of over 3000 qualified engineers and technicians, Test Cells and Laboratories, and Machine and Vehicle Integration Center at the Cummins Technical Center in India (CTCI). Ram is part of the global Cummins Technical Organization Leadership Team. He is also part of the India Leadership Team. The India Technical Organization (ITO) supports global and India specific technologies and product engineering.
Ram holds a PhD in Mechanical Engineering from Iowa State University of Science and Technology, Ames, Iowa, USA and an MBA in International Business from McGill University, Montreal, Canada. Ram’s industry experience spans roles in leadership levels at Telco (now Tata Motors), Cummins, Komatsu, General Motors (Remy), and General Electric. Ram returned to Cummins Inc. USA in October 2018. In his first stint at Cummins comprising 21 years, Ram led teams in the US, Japan, and South-East/North-East Asia. His work experience includes roles in Research & Technology, New Technology Incubations, Advanced Product Development, New Product Introductions, Advanced Fuel Systems and Controls, New Engine and Genset Launches, Worldwide Quality Leadership, Service Engineering Leadership, Business Development and Growth, and Engineering & Sales Leadership. After his successful stint at Cummins, he moved on to take up an expanded and challenging role of Global Vice President of Technology & Engineering for Remy Inc. (division of General Motors) where he successfully led programs to launch market-leading electric vehicle sub-systems and controls, and fuel/CO2 saving Start-Stop Technology. After Remy, Ram spent 6 years at General Electric. Ram and his teams at GE’s Global Research Center and GE Transportation launched new technologies for best-in-class clean engine and locomotives for global markets. Ram’s tenure at GE’s renewable energy division included engineering and service leadership for large, greater than 3 MW class wind turbines for US and global markets. Throughout his career Ram has led global diverse and cross-functional teams located across continents. Ram has worked and lived in various locations – North America, Europe, India (Bangalore, Pune), Japan, Korea, Singapore, and 12 other Asian countries. Ram has published several papers in the field of reciprocating engines, sensors, and controls. He is an active architect in this field with 18 patents awarded to him between 2014 and 2020. Ram’s current interests are in practicing and promoting new and evolving disruptive technologies such as Telematics, Prognostics & Diagnostics, Digital Twins, Machine Learning, Battery Electric and Fuel Cells for Transportation and Mobility, and Additive Manufacturing. In his free time, Ram enjoys working on his physical fitness, tennis, reading, free-thinking, formulating new technologies/innovations, and coaching/guiding early-career and mid-career engineers/ technologists/scientists. He was actively involved in STEM (Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics) programs at GE, and is the current Cummins sponsor for neXus (a multi-generation affinity group), LIFT (Leading Inclusion for Technical), WE (Women in Engineering), and CCEW (Cummins College of Engineering for Women). Mr Deepak Gupta Honorary Director General, NSEFI & Ex Secretary, MNRE Mr Deepak Gupta Honorary Director General, NSEFI & Ex Secretary, MNRE
Mr.Deepak Gupta" (born 21 September 1951, Nurpur, Himachal Pradesh) is a former chairman of the Union Public Service Commission.
He is an IAS officer of 1974 batch and an alumnus of the St. Stephens College. Deepak Gupta is currently the Honorary Director General of National Solar Energy Federation of India (NSEFI). Deepak Gupta, former MNRE Secretary Govt. of India and UPSC Chairman has been a source of Inspiration to NSEFI. He presided over the conceptualization and implementation of India's National Solar Mission which is the basis for the latest ambitious target of 100,000 MW Solar capacity with 40,000 MW Solar Rooftop. He has rendered distinguished services to the country in his long administrative career and held many senior key positions in the Government of India. Deepak Gupta, Former MNRE Secretary Govt. of India and UPSC Chairman is the Hon. Director General of NSEFI. He retired in 2011 as Secretary, Ministry of New and Renewable energy where he presided over the conceptualization and implementation of India’s National Solar Mission. After retirement he consulted with the world bank and UNIDO and writes on issues of energy and sustainable development. He was Chairman of UPSC from November 2014 to September 2016. Dr O P Agarwal CEO of WRI India Dr O P Agarwal CEO of WRI India
Om Prakash (O.P.) Agarwal is the CEO of WRI India where he leads a team of over 200 researchers. He is a highly respected thinker and practitioner with a wealth of experience in public policy issues related to urban development, poverty alleviation, capacity building, governance and environment.
O.P. was a member of the Indian Administrative Service (IAS) from 1979 to 2007, during which he held several positions with the national and state government of Assam. In this time, he was also the Joint Secretary (Training) in the Department of Personnel and Joint Secretary (Urban Transport) in the Ministry of Urban Development. He was Secretary for Transport in the State of Assam. He was the principal author of India’s National Urban Transport Policy, which was adopted in 2006 and has remained the key document guiding urban transport investments since then. He was the World Bank’s global Urban Transport Adviser, in Washington DC, for over six years and led the knowledge development and capacity building function for urban transport in addition to advising on several projects. O.P. also chaired the U.S. Transport Research Board’s Committee on Transportation in Developing Countries for six years. He has written several papers on urban transport policy and governance issues. His book “Emerging Paradigms in Urban Mobility Planning, Financing and Implementation” was published by Elsevier in 2018. O.P. holds a PhD in Transport Economics from the Indian Institute of Technology, Delhi, a Master’s in Transportation from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology and a Bachelor’s in Electrical Engineering from the Indian Institute of Technology, Chennai. O.P. lives in New Delhi, India. Mr Mainak Chakraborty CEO of GPS Renewables
Mainak Chakraborty is the CEO of GPS Renewables, one of India’s leading bioenergy technology & execution firms. GPS' biogas and bioCNG clientele ranges from Fortune 500 corporate companies such as Microsoft, Intel, Bosch, Reliance and Marriott Group to India's largest climate fund, EverSource Capital. GPS has a tieup with HyGear for green hydrogen production and are in the process of setting up a waste to biogas to hydrogen pilot in India. GPS's investors include the likes of Triodos IM, the most sustainable fund in the world. According to the MIT Technology Review, Mainak is one of the top Indian innovators under the age of 35. He is a part of various Govt Committees related to bioenergy, and an expert reviewer for BIRAC, Debt of Biotechnology's Biotech Ignition Grant. He is also an INK Fellow and has been a Global Shaper, World Economic Forum. Mainak is an alumnus of IIM Bangalore and NIT Calicut.
Mr Sudeep S Dalvi Senior Vice President & Director – Technical Chief Communication Officer – External Affairs (State) of Toyota Kirloskar Motor Pvt. Ltd. Mr Sudeep S Dalvi Senior Vice President & Director – Technical Chief Communication Officer – External Affairs (State) of Toyota Kirloskar Motor Pvt. Ltd.
Graduate in Mechanical Engineering from Mumbai University
Total 33 Yrs. Experience in Automotive Business Sector Presently working with TKM since last 23 Yrs., from its inception in India Experience in various work domains – Manufacturing, Quality Control, New car Projects, Engineering, Unit Manufacturing & short stint in Global Purchasing at Toyota US operation Music & Running makes him relaxed & Teaching is always being the passion of life Mr Mrugank Inamdar Head of Development - Asia at Hyzon Motors
Experienced entrepreneur and management professional with capabilities across the cleantech development and deployment lifecycle.
Experience of having led multi-billion $ transactions, international business development in the renewable energy and infrastructure industries in Asia-Pacific, Africa and Americas. Dr Srivatsan Iyer Global CEO of Hero Future Energies
Srivatsan Iyer is the Global CEO at Hero Future Energies. He previously worked for Braskem for 10 years in a variety of roles in the US, Germany and Brazil. Prior to joining Braskem in 2010, Srivatsan spent 5 years with McKinsey & Company, where he served a variety of clients in the Energy and Chemicals sector, on a range of topics including Strategy and Operations. Before that, Srivatsan spent 8 years working with ExxonMobil Chemical in several roles, starting his career in R&D and Technology Development.
Srivatsan holds a B.Tech in Chemical Engineering from IIT Madras, MS in Chemical Engineering from Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University, PhD in Materials Science and Engineering from Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University, and MBA from the University of Texas at Austin. Mr Shitalkumar Joshi Technical Director of Ansys
Shitalkumar Joshi has eighteen years of experience with Ansys which spans across automotive, appliances and electronics industries. Shital and his team has done some pioneering work in creating models and solutions to support design challenges for consumer electronics industry. The simulation solutions, like electro-mechanical analysis, multidisciplinary optimizations, RF antenna performance etc have helped organizations to bring robust, innovative electronics and electrical products to the market. Shital has completed his master’s degree from Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore.
Mr Amitabh Kant CEO of NITI Aayog
Mr. Amitabh Kant is presently CEO of National Institution for Transforming India (NITI). He is a member of the Indian Administrative Service, IAS (Kerala Cadre: 1980 batch). He is the author of Branding India - An Incredible Story. Mr. Kant has been a key driver of the “Make in India”, Startup India, “Incredible India” and God’s Own Country” initiatives that positioned India and Kerala State as leading manufacturing and tourism destinations. These campaigns have won several international awards and embraced a host of activities – infrastructure development, product enhancement, private-public partnership and positioning and branding based on extensive market research. Mr. Kant also conceptualized the “Atithi Devo Bhavah” – “Guest is God” campaign to train Taxi Drivers, Guides, immigration officials and make them stake holders in the tourism development process. Mr. Amitabh Kant was also the National Project Director of the Rural Tourism Project of UNDP which made a paradigm shift in spreading tourism to Indian villages which had core-competency in handicrafts, handloom and culture.
In his capacity as Secretary (Industries) Govt. of India, Mr. Kant drove the Ease of Doing Business initiative and ranking of States on outcome parameters. He is the Chairman of the Committee to implement Digital Payment in India. Mr. Kant has been the recipient of Economic Time Policy Change Agent of the Year Award, the Bloomberg TV Personality of the year Award, the NDTV Administrator of the year Award and the Distinguished Fellowship of the Institute of Directors. He is the recipient of One Globe Award-2016 for leadership in Transforming Governance for the 21st Century. He is a Member of the Steering Board of “Shaping the Future of Production Systems” of World Economic Forum. He is also the recipient of Sir Edmund Hillary Fellowship award by the Prime Minister of New Zealand. He is also the recipient of Golden Peacock Award for leadership in Economic Transformation - 2017. Mr. Amitabh Kant has worked as CMD – ITDC, Joint Secretary – Ministry of Tourism, Government of India, Secretary – Tourism, Government of Kerala, Managing Director, Kerala State Industrial Development Corporation, District Collector, Kozikhode and Managing Director, Matsyafed. During his tenure in Kerala, he structured the Calicut Airport as a private sector project based on User’s Free and developed the BSES Power Project and Mattanchery Bridge under Private Public Partnership. He was also responsible for introducing new technology (fiberglass crafts and outboard motor) in the fisheries sector and launching beach level auctions which substantially enhanced returns to traditional fishermen. Mr. Amitabh Kant did his schooling from Modern School, Delhi, graduation in Economics (Hons) from St. Stephens, Delhi University and M.A from Jawaharlal Nehru University. He is a Chevening Scholar. Ms Sally Kim Head of Clean Hydrogen Mobility, Market & Advocacy ll Asia Pacific at Linde Dr Ashish Lele Director of CSIR - National Chemical Laboratory
Dr. Ashish Lele, has taken over the charge as the Director of CSIR-National Chemical Laboratory, Pune. Prior to this, Dr Lele was Senior VP & Head, Advanced Materials and Alternative Energy Group at Reliance Industries Ltd.
Dr. Lele completed his Chemical Engineering graduation from the Department of Chemical Technology (ICT), University of Bombay, in 1988. He obtained Ph.D. in Chemical Engineering from the University of Delaware, USA in 1993. He joined CSIR-NCL in 1993 as a scientist and set up a research group on the rheology of complex fluids, polymer dynamics, and polymer processing. He led many industry-sponsored research projects at the laboratory and carried out several product development activities. He led the efforts for developing PEM fuel cell technology in a consortium of three other CSIR laboratories and three Indian industries. Dr. Lele has authored 75 research papers in international peer-reviewed journals and 6 patents. He has supervised 17 Ph.D. theses. Dr. Lele was the recipient of the Shanti Swaroop Bhatnagar Award in Engineering Sciences in 2006, Infosys prize in Engineering and Computer Science in 2012 and, the ICT Distinguished Alumnus award in 2013. Other recognitions include CSIR Young Scientist Award (1994), INSA Young Scientist Award (1996), ICT Young Scientist Award (2003). He is a fellow Indian National Science Academy, Indian Academy of Sciences, and Indian National Academy of Engineering. Mr Siddharth Mayur Founder & Managing Partner of h2e Power
A first generation Social Entrepreneur with a mission to bring about Energy Security & energy independence to the masses using Renewable & Clean energy power generation & storage technologies. A big believer in the power of #HydrogenEconomy & #FuelCells. Living with a mission to 'Leave this world a better place'.
1. Founder: - h2e Power Systems Private Limited, A Green Hydrogen & FuelCell company; - mPower GmbH a SOFC/SOEC stack manufacturing company; - R Cube Energy Storage Systems Private Limited, A Sodium Nickel Chloride High temperature battery technology. - Annapurna MPEP, A multi utility Clean cooking solution 2. Developed a plan for an integrated township with the land owners as the partners and made a sustainable model for all concerned. Mr Pawan Mulukutla Director - Electric Mobility of WRI India
Pawan Mulukutla is the Director of Electric Mobility at WRI India responsible for shaping WRI India’s Electric Mobility Program. He is in-charge of the overall strategy and its implementation, partnerships and engagement. He is leading a team of researchers and technical experts at WRI India on supporting Government at both national and state level towards EV adoption.
Pawan’s areas of focus includes EV Industrial evolution, value chain system and Skill Development, Energy Storage, Charging infrastructure planning framework, Vehicle to Grid Integration, and EV Asset Financing. Prior to joining WRI India, he was instrumental in setting up the e-micromobility solution at Bosch. His focus was on development of business models, deployment of the solution, performance measurement and analytics. He has designed e-bus networks and prepared roadmaps for complete electrification. Pawan has 20 years of experience in city mobility working with various stakeholders. He likes to work very closely with start-ups and has mentored several of them to develop their implementation plan, enhance business models and roll-out pilots leading to scale-up. Publications: -Enhancing Bengaluru’s public transport network: approaches and challenges” -Journal of Sustainable Urbanization, Planning and Progress -“Bus Karo 2.0- Case Studies from India” current status of city bus systems in India - “Evaluation of Interstate Highway Capacity for Short-Term Work Zone Lane Closures” - Transportation Research Board-Best paper award in the Work Zone Traffic Control Category. -“Expanding Public Transport System through Feeder Buses” - Best research paper at the Urban Mobility India Conference-2013 Dr Anurag Pandey Team Lead at Reliance Industries Limited
Currently, I lead R&D activities in Hydrogen Economy at RIL. I have close to two decades of S&T experience in various aspects of materials-and-process engineering, hydrogen-and-fuel cell technology, and alternate energy. Using my scientific-analytical skills, I enjoy analyzing technologies and their symbiotic relationship to draw important inferences, enabling me to find a holistic and sustainable solution using sound first principles, an important feature of my role in the VUCA world of alternate energy. For the last 9 years, I have been ardently working on clean energy solutions, particularly, fuel-cell technology and the hydrogen economy, and have explored various aspects of hydrogen economy for its techno-commercial viability in detail. I wish to contribute significantly to developing and establishing a renewable hydrogen economy so that as a country we can finally be energy secure. Ultimately, I want to see a future where energy, the fundamental aspect of our lives, is available to everyone on-demand in the most affordable and sustainable way.
Ms Monica Saraiva Panik Director Institutional Relations, ABH2 & Mentor Hydrogen SAE Brasil of ABH2 (Brazilian Hydrogen Association) Ms Monica Saraiva Panik Director Institutional Relations, ABH2 & Mentor Hydrogen SAE Brasil of ABH2 (Brazilian Hydrogen Association)
Monica Saraiva Panik, 62 years old, is a Brazilian citizen, living in Germany since 24 years. She graduated in Social Communications at Fundação Armando Álvares Penteado, master degree in Marketing Administration at Fundação Getúlio Vargas. Worked 16 years as project manager of the UNDP/GEF 'Hydrogen Fuel Cell Buses for Urban Transport in Brazil’. In February 2021 was nominated one of the “Remarkable Women in the field of transport” by the German Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development (BMZ) and the Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ) within the TUMI (Transformative Urban Mobility Initiative). Winner of the DaimlerChrysler Umweltpreis 2001 with the program “Clean Air Initiatives in Developing Countries”. Monica has worked on several projects and among others contributed to: “World Bank Clean Air Initiative in Latin American Cities”, “UNDP Introduction of Fuel Cell Technology in Emerging Megacities” and “EU Controlling Urban Mobility Europe/Latin America” programs. In 2018 co-organized the 22nd WHEC in Rio de Janeiro and in 2020 contributed for the AHK/GIZ Hydrogen Sectormapping Brazil study and co-organized the SAE Brasil & Ballard Student H2 Challenge and organized the Energy Transformation Hydrogen core at the BW Expo Summit Digital 2020. Monica works as a hydrogen specialist consultant for the Latin America & Caribbean region, is Director of Institutional Relations of the Brazilian Hydrogen Association, Mentor of the Hydrogen Mobility core at the SAE Brasil (Society of Automotive Engineers) and Curator of the Biosphere World Expo Summit Digital.
Dr SS Thipse Deputy Director - Power Train Engineering of ARAI
Dr. S.S. Thipse has done his Masters in Thermal sciences from Bradley University, USA and his Ph.D. from New Jersey Institute of Technology in the field of Alternative Fuels Combustion. He has Research experience of over 20 years in the development of Alternative Fuel engines and vehicles and has been working at ARAI since 2004. He is currently handling the development of CNG, LPG and HCNG engines in the capacity of Deputy Director at the Power Train Engineering Laboratory at ARAI. He has completed successfully several alternative fuel engine and vehicle projects for major OEMs.
He serves as a member in the expert committee on Alternative fuels of Department of Science and Technology (DST) and MNRE. He represents India on the ISO TC 22 and ISO TC 197 committees on gaseous fuel standards. He is chairman of BIS TED-26 national standards committee on gaseous fuels. He is also member of AISC, MED 16, PCD-3 and CHD-6 national standard committees. He is Governing board member of SAEINDIA Western section, life member of Combustion Institute and ISTE. He is also a member of Board of Studies in Mechanical Engineering at University of Pune. He has published 14 books and has 6 patents to his credit. He has numerous publications in national and international conferences and international journals. He has won three awards for best technical paper in international conferences. Mr Anand Vasudevan CEO & Founder of Spotimyze Energy
1) Renewable Energy and Hydrogen infrastructure project development.
2) Environmental engineer addressing climate change through low carbon refueling infrastructure to power electric mobility. 2) Experienced in building companies and products in digital platforms, clean technology and mobility. 3) Global professional service practice development in sustainability and energy strategy consulting. 4) Low carbon transition with integrated capital planning and energy procurement strategies. 3) Use technology, data-science, investing, and engineering experience to create integrated platforms.